We need to display Report with case ID and Status.
let us say We have Status (New, Open, In Progress and Pending)
1) By default We need to display list of cases with Status(New, In Progress).
2) when we click on status filter, status column should have (New, Open, In Progress, Pending).
If user selects New, Open, Pending. we need to display the cases with selected statuses.
You can have pre-conditioned filter section populated either by Data-Transform or default values for the particular columns.
Just an idea, though your requirement to display all the column values when clicked on Filter icon couldn't be fulfilled by this. I don't know how to implement that, though you can configure a "Refresh section" event on "OnClick" action of filter icon.
Kindly notify, if it gives a larger view about implementation.